A Roadmap to Learn Cybersecurity: A Step-by-Step Guide.

Cybersecurity is a critical field that protects computer systems, networks, and sensitive information from cyber threats. As technology advances, cybersecurity becomes increasingly important, making it a lucrative career choice. However, getting started in cybersecurity can be overwhelming. This roadmap provides a step-by-step guide to learning cybersecurity, from beginner to advanced levels.


Beginner Level (0-6 months)


1. Basic Computer Knowledge:

  •      Understand operating systems (Windows, Linux, macOS)
  •     Familiarize yourself with computer hardware and software

2. Networking Fundamentals:

  •     Learn TCP/IP, DNS, DHCP, and network protocols
  •     Understand network architecture and devices ( routers, switches, firewalls)

3. Cybersecurity Basics:

  •     Learn about security threats (malware, phishing, ransomware)
  •      Understand security best practices (password management, software updates)

4. Online Courses:

  •     CompTIA Security+ (SY0-601)
  •      Cybrary’s Cybersecurity Course


Intermediate Level (6-18 months)


1. Operating System Security:

  •      Learn Windows and Linux security features
  •     Understand access control, permissions, and encryption

2. Network Security:

  •     Learn about firewalls, VPNs, and intrusion detection systems
  •     Understand network segmentation and isolation

3. Cryptography:

  •      Learn about encryption algorithms (AES, RSA) and hash functions (SHA, MD5)
  •     Understand digital signatures and certificates

4. Compliance and Regulations:

  •      Learn about HIPAA, PCI-DSS, and GDPR
  •      Understand compliance requirements and risk management

5. Online Courses:

  •     CompTIA Cybersecurity Analyst (CSA+)
  •     Offensive Security’s Penetration Testing Course


Advanced Level (1-2 years)


1. Penetration Testing:

  •      Learn about vulnerability assessment and penetration testing
  •      Understand exploitation techniques and post-exploitation tactics

2. Incident Response:

  •      Learn about incident response methodologies (NIST, SANS)
  •      Understand threat hunting and digital forensics

3. Cloud Security:

  •     Learn about cloud computing platforms (AWS, Azure, Google Cloud)
  •      Understand cloud security architecture and compliance

4. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning:

  •     Learn about AI and ML in cybersecurity
  •     Understand threat detection and response using AI and ML

5. Online Courses:

  •      Offensive Security’s Certified Expert (OSCE)
  •      SANS Institute’s Cloud Security Course


Additional Tips


  • Join Online Communities: Participate in online forums (Reddit, Stack Overflow) and cybersecurity groups (ISC2, ISACA)
  • Read Industry Blogs: Follow cybersecurity blogs (Cybersecurity News, Dark Reading) and news outlets (CyberScoop, Infosecurity Magazine)
  • Attend Conferences: Attend cybersecurity conferences (Black Hat, RSA Conference) and workshops (SANS Institute, Offensive Security)
  • Get Hands-on Experience: Set up a test lab and practice what you learn



Learning cybersecurity requires dedication and persistence. This roadmap provides a step-by-step guide to help you get started and advance in your cybersecurity career. Remember to stay updated with industry developments and continuously learn new skills to stay ahead in this field.